UP

Command Prompt

How to use command-line apps like the Command Prompt from Windows, Linux Bash, Telnet, and similar tools.

UEFI BIOS

Shortcuts for the UEFI BIOS & Windows 10’s Recovery Environment

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 13.05.2021
There are times when your Windows 10 PC or device just doesn’t want to work as it should. That’s when you might want to do some troubleshooting and see if you can improve things. Some of the best tools for that are the UEFI BIOS, which controls pretty much everything...
File Explorer

How to create multiple folders at once

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 09.04.2021
Are you wondering how to create multiple folders in Windows 10 or Windows 7? That can be very useful if you’re a teacher, for instance. Say that you have a dozen students in a class, and you need to make a folder for each of them on your Windows PC....
User accounts

How do I view all the users on a Windows computer? (5 ways)

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 31.03.2021
Sometimes, you may need to extract a list of all the user accounts on a Windows computer. Or you may want to know the hidden user accounts that exist alongside your user account. To help you out, we compiled a list of five methods that you can use to see...
Windows 10 laptop

What model is my Windows 10 PC, laptop, or tablet? 8 ways to find out

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 28.01.2021
Knowing the make and model of your laptop, computer, or tablet can be useful in a variety of situations. You might need it when searching for the right drivers for your device, when you want to upgrade some of its hardware components, when you contact technical support, or even when...
Command Prompt (CMD)

34 keyboard shortcuts for Windows 10's Command Prompt

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 28.09.2020
We bet that most, if not all the power users and geeks out there love to use the Command Prompt. It's the one-stop go-to whenever you want to issue commands in a text-based form, and it's also one of the best ways to issue administrative commands. The good news is...
PowerShell

Reset PowerShell and CMD to their default settings

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 05.03.2020
After you work for a while with the Command Prompt or PowerShell, you are likely to end up customizing the way they look. After all, by default, their looks and colors look quite dull for many. You might change the font, its size, the color of the background, and other...
File Types

How to count the files in a folder using PowerShell, CMD, or File Explorer

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 03.03.2020
There are times when you need to know exactly how many files or folders are stored inside a certain folder. Whether for work or your own statistics, if you have a Windows device, there are quite a few ways to find this information. So, if you've ever wondered how to...
File Explorer

How to export the directory tree of a folder in Windows

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 28.02.2020
Did you ever need to export the entire directory tree from a particular folder? Did you need to get a text or Excel document that lists all the files and folders inside a specific folder from your computer into a hierarchical structure? We had this need when we were trying...
Command Prompt (CMD)

What is the Command Prompt (CMD)?

  • misc
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 13.02.2020
The Command Prompt or CMD is the bane of many Windows users. Most people don't understand what it is, and, unless they really have to use it, they try to avoid it. Also, most of those who read our tutorials about the Command Prompt on Digital Citizen are either students...
Terminal

How to work with files, folders and apps in Bash on Ubuntu on Windows 10

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 20.12.2019
The addition of the Windows Subsystem for Linux in Windows 10 came as a surprise for many, us included. Although it is a tool intended to be used mainly by developers, regular users seem to be interested in this feature too. We thought it would make sense if we show...
Terminal

How do I get the Windows Subsystem for Linux?

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 23.10.2019
It's been a while since Microsoft declared its love for Linux, and, at first, it felt strange to see Windows 10 embrace the Tux penguin. However, the fact that Windows 10 can run native Linux applications directly, without having to resort to using virtual machines, is proof of Microsoft's new...
Command Prompt (CMD)

View system information and manage processes from CMD or PowerShell

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 11.10.2019
The easiest way to view information about your computer is to use Windows graphical tools such as Task Manager or System Information. However, some people prefer to use the Command Prompt or PowerShell for, well, almost anything. If you're wondering how to get system info in CMD (Command Prompt), or...
File types

4 ways to create random dummy files with a specific size in Windows

  • tutorial
  • Diana Ann Roe
  • 25.09.2019
While most regular users might have issues understanding the need to create random dummy files of a specific size, geeks, software developers, and power users know why such files can come in handy sometimes. You can use dummy files to figure out if there are any bad sectors on your...
Command Prompt (CMD)

How to customize the Command Prompt (cmd) in Windows 10

  • tutorial
  • Diana Ann Roe
  • 23.09.2019
The Command Prompt is a powerful tool, and we enjoy using it. However, it does look somewhat boring and unfriendly. The good news is that you can customize Command Prompt aspects according to your needs and preferences, including its appearance and color scheme. This tutorial shows you all the different...
PowerShell

How to make PowerShell and the Command Prompt transparent

  • tutorial
  • Ciprian Adrian Rusen
  • 29.07.2019
If you frequently use the Command Prompt or PowerShell, you may be tired of their opaque app windows. They are functional, useful, but also dull. Another issue is that when you work in a busy office, people can easily see what you type, due to their opacity. If you are...
Command Prompt (CMD)

How to use diskpart, chkdsk, defrag and other disk-related commands

  • tutorial
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 04.12.2018
One of the easiest and most straightforward ways to manage your disks is to use the Disk Management tool from Windows. But hey, Disk Management is a visual tool and some of us like command-based interfaces a whole lot more. That is why we thought it would be a great...
PowerShell

8 Features that are new in Windows 10's Command Prompt & PowerShell?

  • misc
  • Codrut Neagu
  • 21.10.2015
Windows 10 brought many new features and improvements when compared to Microsoft's previous operating systems. Among them, the two command line tools loved by many geeks and IT professionals also got overhauled. You've guessed it: we're talking about Command Prompt and PowerShell. But what exactly did Microsoft do for these...
Command Prompt (CMD)

Command Prompt - The Most Powerful & Least Used Windows Tool

  • tutorial
  • Ciprian Adrian Rusen
  • 06.12.2010
At the beginning of 2010, we started a series on system recovery tools for Windows 7. Little did we know that the series would expand tremendously and, in the end, we would cover quite extensively a very old and misunderstood tool: the Command Prompt. While working with it, we were...