3 ways to change the IP address in Windows 10
Have you ever wondered how you can change the IP address in Windows 10? Do you want to learn how to do it from Windows 10's Settings app or the Control Panel? Maybe you're a command-line fan, and want to learn how to change the IP address in Windows 10 using CMD (Command Prompt) or PowerShell? Read on and find out how all of these are done in Windows 10:
NOTE: To be able to change your IP address in Windows 10, you must log in to Windows 10 using an administrator account. Also, before learning how to change your IP address, it would be best if you already knew what IP addresses and subnet masks are, how to find what your IP is, and how to find the IP address of your router.
1. How to change the IP address in Windows 10, using the Settings app
Because it relies on the visual interface of the operating system, this is probably the easiest method for changing the IP address of your Windows 10 computer or device. Here's what you need to do:
Open the Settings app: a quick way to do it is to push the Settings button from the Start Menu or to press Windows + I on your keyboard simultaneously. In the Settings app, open the Network & Internet category.
On the left sidebar, select your network type. If you connect to the internet (or local area network) using a wireless card, select Wi-Fi. If you're accessing the internet (or LAN) using a wired connection, click or tap on Ethernet.
On the right side of the window, click or tap on the name of your network connection.
Scroll down on your network connection details page until you find the section called IP settings. Then, click or tap on Edit, under IP assignment.
The Settings app now shows the "Edit IP settings" dialog. This is where you can change the IP address of your computer or device. If you want the IP address of your Windows 10 PC to be assigned automatically by your router, select Automatic (DHCP). This is also called a dynamic IP address.
If you want to set your own static IP address, select Manual and then enable the IPv4 and/or IPv6 switches, depending on what internet protocols you want to use. Note that each of them has its own distinct IP address, so you must enter the required details for both IPv4 and IPv6 if you choose to enable both.
To change your IP address to a static one, regardless of whether you set it for your IPv4 or IPv6 protocols, you have to enter the following details:
- IP address: type the static IP address that you want to use. For example, we want to change the IP address (IPv4) of our Windows 10 PC to 192.168.50.10.
- Subnet prefix length: type the prefix length that determines the size of the subnet. For example, we configured our router to use a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0, which means that we have to enter a "Subnet prefix length" of 24 (the number of 1 bits in the netmask). If we would've had a subnet mask of 255.255.0.0, the prefix length would have been 16, and so on. You can find more details about subnets here: What are IP addresses, subnet masks, and how do you change them in Windows?.
- Gateway: type the IP address of your router. In our case, that's 192.168.50.1.
The Preferred DNS and Alternate DNS settings are not mandatory - if you leave them blank, they are automatically assigned by your router. However, if you want to change them too, you can do so (more details here: What is DNS? How is it useful?).
Once you've entered all the details, click or tap on Save so that your IP address is changed by Windows 10.
NOTE: If you choose to use a static IP address, make sure that all the details you enter are right; otherwise, your Windows 10 PC loses internet connectivity. If that happens, change your IP address back to Automatic (DHCP) so that your router can change it to something that works.
2. How to change the IP address in Windows 10, using the Control Panel
In Windows 10, you can also change your IP address from the Control Panel. Open the Control Panel and click or tap on "View network status and tasks" under "Network and Internet."
In the Network and Sharing Center, click or tap on your internet connection from the "View your active networks" area.
In your network's Status window, click or tap on Properties.
In the Properties window, select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) or Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6), depending on the IP address that you want to change. If you want to change both, repeat the next steps for each of them.
Click or tap on Properties.
The previous action opens a window called Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) Properties or Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) Properties, depending on what you chose earlier. This is where you can change your IP address:
If you want to use a dynamic IP address that's automatically assigned to your Windows 10 PC by your router, select "Obtain an IP address automatically." Then, click or tap on OK and close all the windows you've opened.
If you want to set a static IP address for your network adapter, select "Use the following IP address." Then, enter the required details manually: IP address, Subnet mask, and Default gateway, just like we've shown you in the previous method from this guide.
Save your new IP address settings by clicking or tapping on OK, then close all the windows you've opened during the process.
3. How to change the IP address in Windows 10, using PowerShell or Command Prompt (cmd)
If you prefer using a command-line environment, you can also change the IP address in Windows 10 using PowerShell or Command Prompt. Regardless of what your favorite console is, run the netsh interface ip show config command. In the results that are displayed, identify the network adapter for which you want to change the IP address. For example, the name of our network interface is Wi-Fi, as you can see in the screenshot below.
If you want to change the IP address to a dynamic one that's automatically assigned by your router via DHCP, run the following command: netsh interface ip set address "Network Interface Name" dhcp. Replace "Network Interface Name" with the name of your network connection. For example, we need to run netsh interface ip set address "Wi-Fi" dhcp.
If you want to set a static IP address, run this command: netsh interface ip set address name= "Network Interface Name" static [IP address] [Subnet Mask] [Gateway]. Replace [IP address] [Subnet Mask] [Gateway] with the ones that match your network configuration. In our example, if we'd want to change our IP address to 192.168.50.10, we'd have to run netsh interface ip set address name="Wi-Fi" static 192.168.50.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.50.1.
What is your favorite method to change the IP address in Windows 10?
Now you know not just one but three different methods to change your IP address and set it to dynamic or static. What's your favorite way of doing it? Do you know other methods too? If you do, or if you have something to add to this guide, don't hesitate to comment.