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Ciprian Adrian Rusen

I am the co-founder and chief editor of Digital Citizen. I love technology! It has been a passion of mine since I was a child, and it all started when my father borrowed a computer so that I could play games on it for a week. Unfortunately, I couldn't play games because I lacked an essential accessory (a compatible cassette player), but I started coding and learned a few things on my own. Until that moment, nobody had ever taught me anything about computers, but by the end of that week, I was creating small computer programs of my own, which were generating all kinds of cute graphics on the screen. After that week, I knew what I wanted to do with my life, so I studied IT in high school and then during my university years. Throughout my career, I took on many different roles that all had one thing in common: my passion and knowledge of computer science and technology. If you want to know more about my career, I invite you to view my professional profile on LinkedIn. Today, at Digital Citizen, I work as an editor and author. I have written and published nine books, mostly about Microsoft products and technologies. They have been translated into over twelve languages and sold on Amazon and in bookshops worldwide. Microsoft has also recognized me for my technical expertise and involvement in the community with the title of MVP, Windows Expert-Consumer, followed by Windows Insider MVP, from 2014 to 2023. I love writing about technology and hope it shows through my articles and books. If you like my work, have some questions, or simply want to get in touch, don’t hesitate to comment on my articles or use the contact form available on our website. I'm the one who receives all the contact emails. :)
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ASUS ExpertWiFi EBA63 review: Scalable Wi-Fi 6 for business!

ASUS ExpertWiFi EBA63 review: Scalable Wi-Fi 6 for business!

If your organization struggles with reliable wireless connectivity, consider building a new network using modern equipment that offers Wi-Fi 6 connectivity. If you're interested in using ASUS ExpertWiFi networking devices and your business location is large and spans multiple floors, you will need to use access points in addition to routers and switches. In this scenario, you should take a look at the ASUS ExpertWiFi
ASUS ExpertWiFi EBP15 review: Smart switch with PoE capabilities!

ASUS ExpertWiFi EBP15 review: Smart switch with PoE capabilities!

When you’re setting up a network for a multi-story location with a large area, you need a more complex network architecture, which will likely include smart switches with Power Over Ethernet (PoE) capabilities. These switches are valuable because they can provide both network connectivity and power to access points and IoT devices. If you create such a network using ASUS ExpertWiFi routers and access points,
Stop Facebook Marketplace from opening automatically in the Facebook app

Stop Facebook Marketplace from opening automatically in the Facebook app

A couple of days ago, I started having a weird issue with the Facebook app on my smartphone: Facebook Marketplace opened automatically, for no reason, each time I launched the Facebook app. I didn’t tap the Marketplace icon, nor did I recently use this feature in the Facebook app. It did it randomly and automatically, without any input from me. I looked it up online
How to remove the Lock screen widgets from Windows 11 and Windows 10

How to remove the Lock screen widgets from Windows 11 and Windows 10

At the end of March 2024, Microsoft started deploying a new update for Windows 11 (KB5035942), followed by Windows 10 (KB5035941). This update addressed many issues and bugs but also introduced a new feature: the ability to display widgets on the Lock screen for things like sports, traffic, and finance content, along with the weather forecast. This feature was not turned on immediately for all
ASUS ExpertWiFi EBG19P review: A great wired router for SMBs!

ASUS ExpertWiFi EBG19P review: A great wired router for SMBs!

When it comes to networking, small and medium-sized businesses have needs that combine the desires of typical consumers (simplicity and speed) with the requirements of large organizations (security, stability, and scalability). To meet these needs, ASUS offers a specialized line-up of networking devices called ExpertWiFi, which includes equipment such as wireless routers, wired routers, switches, access points, and mesh Wi-Fi systems. Today, I'm reviewing their
ASUS ExpertWiFi EBG15 review: A small wired router for SMBs!

ASUS ExpertWiFi EBG15 review: A small wired router for SMBs!

ASUS is slowly expanding its ExpertWiFi line-up of networking products for small and medium-sized businesses. One of their newest products is a wired router with built-in VPN capabilities: ASUS ExpertWiFi EBG15. This router can work with multiple internet connections simultaneously and allows you to manage all your ExpertWiFi devices from one dashboard. If you like how this sounds, and you’re interested in building a professional
How to turn on or turn off Battery protection on Samsung Galaxy

How to turn on or turn off Battery protection on Samsung Galaxy

Samsung has added several new Galaxy AI features in its One UI 6.1 firmware update. One of the novelties is Battery protection, a feature inspired by Google's Adaptive Charging, which was introduced in 2020 with Android 11 on Pixel smartphones. Battery protection is a useful feature that provides a smarter way of charging your Samsung Galaxy smartphone, reducing strain on the battery and increasing its
How to block third-party cookies in Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and Opera

How to block third-party cookies in Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and Opera

The World Wide Web relies on cookies to function properly. There are different types of cookies, such as session and first-party cookies, that are created by the websites you visit. However, there are also third-party cookies that are used for advertising and tracking your activity across websites. Some of them can even be used maliciously. As a result, many people are concerned about the security
HUAWEI WATCH FIT 3 review: Better than an Apple Watch?

HUAWEI WATCH FIT 3 review: Better than an Apple Watch?

HUAWEI just launched a stylish watch that looks a lot like the Apple Watch SE - a device it aims to compete with when it comes to design, price, and features. This watch is named HUAWEI WATCH FIT 3, and it is not only lighter than an Apple Watch SE but also thinner. Furthermore, it has a brighter screen and significantly better autonomy. To make
Cisco study: How ready are companies to manage security threats?

Cisco study: How ready are companies to manage security threats?

I recently attended a press event where Cisco shared its 2024 Cybersecurity Readiness Index report. It gives an overview of the global cybersecurity landscape and evaluates how well-equipped organizations are to handle present-day cybersecurity risks. If you're interested in learning about the threats organizations face worldwide, the difficulties they encounter, and their readiness from a cybersecurity standpoint, I recommend reading this article. The report contains
How to downgrade Windows 11 and revert back to Windows 10

How to downgrade Windows 11 and revert back to Windows 10

Some people decide to take Microsoft’s advice and upgrade from Windows 10 to Windows 11 using Windows Update or the Windows 11 Installation Assistant. Then, after a couple of days, they might discover they don’t like the new user interface and have trouble adapting, or they need some of the Windows 10 features that were removed from Windows 11. Others may buy a new laptop
How to upgrade from Windows 10 to Windows 11 for free

How to upgrade from Windows 10 to Windows 11 for free

Microsoft's support for Windows 10 will end on October 14th, 2025. After that date, you have to pay a lot of money to get security updates, and you can do so only for the first three years. Therefore, if you want to avoid paying for updates, your only solution is to upgrade from Windows 10 to Windows 11. And the easiest way to do it
7 ways to switch the user in Windows 11

7 ways to switch the user in Windows 11

Having multiple users on a Windows 11 computer is a great way to ensure each person who uses it has a pleasant experience and keeps their files, settings, and apps separate from others. However, this leads to a problem: not everyone knows how to switch the user when it’s their turn to sign in to Windows 11, which can cause data loss and, sometimes, even
Windows 10 Media Creation Tool: Create Windows 10 installation media

Windows 10 Media Creation Tool: Create Windows 10 installation media

If you want to install or reinstall Windows 10 on any device, you must create installation media, such as a bootable USB flash drive, a DVD, or an ISO file containing the Windows 10 setup. While there are various tools available for this purpose, Microsoft recommends using the Media Creation Tool. In this guide, I'll explain what the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool is, how
How to create a phone wallpaper with Galaxy AI on a Samsung Galaxy S23

How to create a phone wallpaper with Galaxy AI on a Samsung Galaxy S23

When I went to the Samsung Galaxy S24 launch event, I loved the demos of the Galaxy AI features and wished I could use them on my Samsung Galaxy S23 smartphone. Fortunately, Samsung has recently released the One UI 6.1 update, based on Android 14, which expands access to mobile AI on phones that didn’t include these features out of the box: the Samsung Galaxy
8 ways to switch the user in Windows 10

8 ways to switch the user in Windows 10

People often share their computers and devices with others. Whether your little brother or sister or one of your grandparents wants to experience the world of technology, they could cause problems with your PC or your important data because they are unfamiliar with using Windows. That is why Windows 10 allows you to create separate accounts for every user, each with their own files, settings,
Samsung Galaxy Tab A9+ review: The tablet for budget users!

Samsung Galaxy Tab A9+ review: The tablet for budget users!

Buying a good tablet is difficult if you don’t have a generous budget. Luckily, in recent months, some new tablets have been launched, including the Samsung Galaxy Tab A9+, which aims to upgrade the user experience in several key areas and offer things like 5G mobile connectivity, good software support, unexpected productivity tools, as well as apps that are useful to families with children. If
How to schedule a text message (SMS) on Android

How to schedule a text message (SMS) on Android

One of our readers contacted me and told me his girlfriend is traveling somewhere in Asia. Her birthday is coming soon, so he wants to schedule a romantic text message that should be sent when she wakes up. He wanted to know if this was possible. Fortunately, Android smartphones (including Samsung Galaxy ones) allow you to send a text message at a certain time using
Nothing Phone (2a) review: R2D2's smartphone!

Nothing Phone (2a) review: R2D2's smartphone!

While flagship smartphones grab the headlines, most people can't afford them and don't really need them either. Ultimately, more affordable phones can do almost the same things as expensive ones. And while not everyone would agree with this fact, smartphones like the Nothing Phone (2a) make my statement truer than ever. This smartphone focuses on what matters most to people and delivers a good user