In Windows 10, connecting a new microphone usually sets it as the default device for recording. However, if you constantly plug in various sound inputs, you might find that your usual microphone for Skype or Teams calls is not working anymore or that the default recording device is incorrectly set. In this tutorial, we explain how to check and set the default microphone in Windows 10. You can also set the default microphone separately, for each app, not only for the whole system. Let’s begin with a clarification:
Windows has separate settings for communication and audio, and you can sometimes see the two options when selecting a default. However, Microsoft does a poor job at explaining the differences between the two.
Since they have different usage scenarios, you should know which one applies to your particular case, so let’s clarify:
- Default communications device - the device that Windows uses for calls and video calls in dedicated apps such as Skype or Zoom
- Default audio device - also displayed as Default device - the device used by Windows for all other applications that need audio input and output.
For web-based calling or video conferencing (for example, a Microsoft Teams call on your favorite browser, not in the app), the relevant setting is the Default audio device, not the Default communication device. This applies both for sound input and for sound output settings.
A simple way to set the default microphone in Windows 10 is by using the Settings app. Open Settings by pressing Windows + I and then click on System.
Next, click or tap on Sounds in the left pane, then look for the Input section. Here, you can see the default microphone for the whole system. To change it, click on the name of the microphone.
This opens a drop-down list that contains all available sound input devices. Select the microphone you want to set as default. The changes are applied immediately.
If, instead, you want to change the default microphone for a particular app, you can do it using Settings.
Open the Settings app, then go to System and select Sounds in the left pane. Next, scroll down to “Advanced sound settings” and click or tap on “App volume and device preferences.”
In this next window, you can find a list of programs that have microphone access. For each one, you can modify the sound output device, the sound input device, as well as the output volume.
Find the app you’re interested in (for example, Google Chrome), then click or tap on the second field displayed next to it, as shown below.
This opens a dropdown list of sound input devices. Select the one you want to set as default, and the changes are applied immediately.
Let’s say you have a microphone that you use for streaming, but for work calls, you want to use the microphone from your headset. Sadly, you can’t change the settings for communications and for audio separately from the Settings app. But you can from the Control Panel. Press the Windows + R keys on your keyboard to open the Run window. Then, type “control” and hit Enter on your keyboard or press OK. This opens the Control Panel.
In the Control Panel window, go to Hardware and Sound.
Locate the Sound section and click on it, on Change system sounds or on Manage audio devices. All of them open the Sound window.
HINT: You can quickly access the Sound window directly from the desktop by pressing Windows + R, typing “mmsys.cpl” and hitting Enter.
Next, go to the Recording tab. The tab lists all recording devices, including microphones and other audio inputs. It also shows which of the devices are set as default.
Select the microphone you want to set as default and then press the Set Default button. If you want to set the microphone as default for audio or for communication only, press the arrow next to the Set Default button instead and choose one of the displayed options.
Alternatively, you can right-click the microphone in the list, then select one of the options in the context menu. Press OK to close the Sound window.
Now you know how to change the default microphone in Windows 10, both globally and for individual apps. Before you close the page, we’re curious to know how often you change the default microphone manually. Do you change it for audio or for communications? Please let us know in the comments. If you know of another way of changing the default microphone, share it, and we will update the article.