11 ways to manage running processes with the Task Manager in Windows 10
The Windows 10 Task Manager gives you a lot of power when it comes to monitoring system resources. The Processes tab shares more information than ever before, allowing you to customize the data it shows according to your needs. Here is how to tweak the Task Manager's Processes tab in Windows 10 and become more efficient, by ensuring the data relevant to you is displayed in a way that suits your needs better than the default view:
What is the Processes tab and how to access it?
The Processes tab lists all the apps, background processes, and Windows processes running at any given time, providing useful data about each of them. It is available in the full version of the Task Manager. There are several options available to open the Task Manager, but we think the most comfortable is the keyboard shortcut "Ctrl + Shift + Esc." If you skipped Windows 8, and if this is your first time accessing the tool, it opens in what we call the compact view, showing you a list of all the apps currently running on your Windows 10 device. To open the full version of the Task Manager, click or tap More details at the bottom of the compact view.
The full version of the Task Manager opens, and the Processes tab is the default tab.
TIP: The Task Manager can be customized to open in any tab you want. To find out more, read How to set the default view/tab for the Windows 10 Task Manager.
1. How to add or remove data columns in Task Manager's Processes tab
In the Processes tab, you get information on every app, background process, and Windows process currently running on your computer. This data is structured and displayed in columns that you can click or tap, and drag to reorder. You can pick and choose the information shown in the Processes tab by adding and removing columns. Right-click or press-and-hold on an existing column's header and select which of the fourteen optional columns are displayed in the Processes tab of the Task Manager. Keep in mind that the Name column is the only column that you cannot hide.
To ensure that the columns you select provide you with relevant data, here is a run-down of what they have to offer:
- Type - Displays whether the process is an app, a background process, or a Windows process. If "Group by type" is selected, this column becomes redundant
- Status - Displays whether or not a process is suspended. When something is suspended, it is running in the background, but it has no access to CPU cycles and uses little memory.
- Publisher - Displays the name of the process's publisher.
- PID - Displays a unique Process Identifier for each running process. These numbers can be used to match a running process with an error or event that lists the PID.
- Process name - Displays the name of the process's executable. E.g., 7zFM.exe for 7-Zip File Manager.
- Command line - Displays the command-line syntax run for each process. This lets you see if any apps or processes have been launched with special command-line parameters and also gives you the location of each process's executable file.
- CPU - Shows each process's processor usage.
- Memory - Shows each process's RAM usage.
- Disk - Shows each process's hard disk usage.
- Network - Shows each process's network usage.
- GPU - Shows each process's usage of the video card.
- GPU engine - Shares which GPU engine is utilized by each process. According to Microsoft: a GPU engine represents an independent unit of silicon on the graphics card, that can be scheduled and can operate in parallel with another. You can find our more about this concept, here.
- Power usage - Displays the power used by each process.
- Power usage trend - Shows the overall trend in power usage for each process.
2. How to sort running apps and processes in Task Manager's Processes tab
By default, the Task Manager's Processes list is sorted logically by process type. This means that all apps, background processes, and Windows 10 processes are grouped together and sorted within their group in this first column of the tab, called Name. While we are big fans of this system, you may wish to sort the list alphabetically instead. Click or tap View and deselect "Group by type" if you want all the active apps and processes to be displayed in an alphabetical list.
Clicking or tapping on a column's header allows you to sort the running apps and processes based on the values displayed in that column. E.g., clicking on Memory sorts the list by how much RAM the processes are using. This can come in handy if you are wondering what processes consume the most or the least resources on your computer. Regardless of the sorting method you are using, select the "Group by type" option in the View menu if you wish to return to the default sorting at any point.
3. How to change the way data values are displayed in the Processes tab
On top of allowing you to customize which information is shown, the Processes tab also lets you decide how some of that data is displayed. For the Memory, Disk and Network columns you can choose whether to display the data using values - MB of memory, MB/s disk usage and Mbps network usage - or as a percentage of the total available resource. Right-click or press-and-hold on any column's header or process in the Processes tab of theTask Manager, and go to Resource values. Choose one of the resources and then select either Percents or Values to have the data displayed according to your needs and preferences.
4. How to expand and collapse running processes in the Task Manager
Some processes are more complex than others, involving more than just the main process. The Task Manager's Processes tab allows you to expand listed processes and get more details about the subprocesses running under them. The number of subprocesses is indicated by a number in brackets following each process. To expand a single process, right-click or press-and-hold on it, and click or tap Expand. An easier way to do this is by clicking or tapping the arrow to the left of the process.
You can click the arrow again, or you can right-click or press-and-hold on that process, and go to Collapse if you want to hide the subprocesses again.
You can also expand any collapsed entries by clicking or tapping View and then Expand all.
To instantly collapse all expanded entries, click or tap Collapse all from the View menu.
5. How to end running processes using the Task Manager
The primary use of the Task Manager is to close running processes that are no longer responding. Right-click or press-and-hold on any process and a contextual menu opens. Click or tap End task to close the process.
You can also select the app and click or tap the End task button on the bottom-right corner of the Processes tab to close the process.
6. How to provide feedback on a running process to Microsoft
The Feedback Hub is easily accessible from the Task Manager, allowing you to offer feedback on a running process. Right-click or press-and-hold on any process, and then choose to Provide feedback.
When the Feedback Hub opens, you can sign in with your Microsoft account and use it to send your issue, criticism, or suggestion to Microsoft.
7. How to create a dump file for a running process using the Task Manager
A dump file is a large file that uses the DMP format and provides details on what a particular process or application is doing at the exact time the dump file is created. This usually comes in handy to software developers trying to solve a bug or a problem with that process. To create a dump file, right-click or press-and-hold on any process and click or tap "Create dump file."
8. How to see details for a running process in the Task Manager
The Details tab of the Task Manager unsurprisingly provides precise details about running processes. However, this tab's sorting options are limited, so finding more about a certain process can turn into a bit of a treasure hunt, especially if you have many processes running on your computer. Luckily, the Processes tab makes up for that by providing an option to highlight the corresponding process in the Details tab. Right-click or press-and-hold on any process, and then click or tap "Go to details."
The focus moves to the Details tab, where the corresponding executable file is highlighted.
9. How to find the location of a running process in the Task Manager
Finding the exact location on your hard drive of the executable file corresponding to an app or a process is also made easier with the Task Manager. Right-click or press-and-hold on the process in the Processes tab and click or tap on "Open file location."
The File Explorer opens at the folder where your application's executable file is stored. The corresponding file is selected when the folder opens.
10. How to research an unknown process or app using the Task Manager
Not only does the Task Manager's Processes tab show apps that are currently open, but it also displays background processes, which are mostly of interest to more advanced users. To research an unknown app or process, right-click or press-and-hold on it in the Processes tab, and then click or tap Search online.
In a new tab, your default web browser runs a web search with the name of the process's or app's executable file on Bing (regardless of your default search engine), helping you get more information.
11. How to view the properties of a running app from the Task Manager
The properties of a process or an application offer a lot of information about the executable that runs it. They show the file's size, location, access dates, and security settings, and let you troubleshoot compatibility issues. Right-click or press-and-hold on an app or process from the Processes list of the Task Manager and choose Properties.
The Properties window opens, providing you access to useful information about the app.
Problems you may encounter: Greyed out options in the Task Manager
While creating this guide, we noticed that some of the options we discussed are greyed out in the Task Manager's right-click menu for many popular apps. This indicates that those functions are unavailable for the respective app. As a result, we ended up using 7-Zip for this tutorial, because it is one of the few apps with a fully functional contextual menu in the Processes tab of the Task Manager and one of the few to accurately display the data presented in this tutorial.
How crowded is your Task Manager's Processes tab?
Since we went over the different ways you can customize this tab, let us know what you choose to see in your Task Manager. Do you keep it basic like the majority of users or prefer a more detailed view? Comment below and let's discuss.