There are many people who need to install a printer in their home network. Suppose you are planning to buy one soon. In that case, you should consider a wireless printer, as it allows you to print from anywhere in your home and helps you eliminate one more wire. It lets you place your printer in an easy-to-access place, keeping it from disturbing when you’re working or playing on your Windows 10 PC. One thing to keep in mind, though: installing and configuring a Wi-Fi printer requires a bit more work than installing a traditional printer using a USB cable. However, you should have no issues if you go through all the steps in this tutorial:
NOTE: We created this tutorial using a Canon Pixma MX535 printer. Although some of the installation steps might differ depending on what wireless printer you want to hook up, the basics we cover in this guide are the same for all Wi-Fi network printers.
Unpack your printer and put it somewhere close enough to your Wi-Fi router so that it receives a good radio signal. Furthermore, the spot you choose should be accessible to people using the printer. Pay attention to the instructions in the wireless printer’s manual regarding the removal of all packaging and protection. Printers usually come in really rich packaging and are filled with stickers, tapes, and other protections.
Also, your router should broadcast its signal using the 2.4 GHz band, using the Wi-Fi 4 standard. Older printers may not be compatible with new routers that use the Wi-Fi 6 standard on the 2.4 GHz band, instead of the Wi-Fi 4 that’s compatible with any device that can connect to a wireless network.
TIPS: If you want help choosing a good wireless router, read:
- How to choose a wireless router: 10 things to consider!
- How to choose an ASUS wireless router for your home
Once all packaging is removed, it’s time for you to set up your wireless printer and configure it for the first time. You need to connect its power cord, plug it into a power socket, install the cartridge(s) (depending on the manufacturer and model), and turn it on. Then, run its configuration wizard. You might be asked to set the language used through the printer’s menus. Also, be sure to wait while the printer cleans and aligns its cartridges.
Before you can connect the Wi-Fi printer to your computers or other types of devices, you need to connect it to the network. Browse through the printer's menus and search for one that's called LAN settings, Wireless LAN setup, Wi-Fi settings, or something similar.
Enter the Wireless LAN setup menu, and you should find an option to connect the printer via its Wi-Fi network card. Depending on your wireless printer model, you might also find an option to connect it via a network cable.
At this point, there are three common alternatives:
1. Connect the wireless printer to your home network by entering the network’s name, also known as the SSID, and its password in the printer’s configuration options. This choice only works if your wireless printer has a screen and buttons, which you can use to type the network information directly on the printer.
Select the Wi-Fi connection and go through your printer’s setup wizard. You probably have security enabled on your router. In that case, you should be asked to select the network and enter the password (security key). After you finish entering all the details, the printer starts the connection procedure. Unless you have an out-of-the-ordinary setup (e.g., old router, MAC filtering), the Wi-Fi connection should be established in a couple of seconds.
2. Connect the wireless printer to your home network by pressing the WPS button on the printer and the router. First, you have to press the WPS button found on your router to turn on the discovery of new devices. Then, push the WPS button on the printer too. The wireless printer automatically detects and connects to your Wi-Fi network without having to enter the network password or other details. Even if you shut down your printer or your router, they remember their configuration and should connect as soon as you turn them back on.
3. There is also another method that you can sometimes use when your wireless printer does not have the display and buttons used to enter the details of your home Wi-Fi network and if the WPS button is also absent. Some wireless printers can also connect to your router via an Ethernet network cable. In this situation, the printer gets an IP address automatically from your router. You can find what the printer IP address is on the router’s web administration page. Enter the IP address of the printer in a web browser to visit its web interface. There, look for a settings section called Wireless LAN or similar, and enter the name, password, and other necessary details for your Wi-Fi network. Note that specific wireless printer models also offer the same settings directly in their driver installation software. In that case, you can also use its software to automatically detect the printer connected to the home network and configure it to connect to the Wi-Fi network.
If you encounter issues, check your printer’s manual for troubleshooting instructions and look at your router’s configuration for any settings that could block your printer’s connection to the network.
To double-check that everything is okay, you can ask the printer to print its network configuration details. There you can see important details such as its MAC address, the IP address received from your router, and other details.
Now you should install the printer on your computers. You should not have executed any installation/configuration steps on any of your devices until now. For your computers to locate the printer over the network and use it for printing, you have to install and configure the printer’s drivers on each computer that is part of your network.
In Windows 10, this part of the process should be handled automatically by the operating system. It might happen that it didn’t detect and configure your wireless printer automatically. In that case, you can either use your operating system’s built-in wizards to add the printer to your computer or run the printer’s bundled software.
If you choose to use the printer’s bundled software, follow the installation wizard’s steps, but do not forget to choose the option called “Use the printer with wireless LAN connection” (or similar) when asked about the printer connection method.
If you choose to use the wizard from the Settings app in Windows 10, there is nothing different between a network or a local printer. The steps are the same, and we already detailed them in this tutorial: How to install a local printer on your Windows computer.
If you decide to use the printer wizard available in the Control Panel, the procedure is slightly different. In this case, when the wizard asks you to choose how to find your printer, instead of “local printer,” you have to select one of the options in the list below, depending on what information you know about your wireless printer:
“Add a Bluetooth, wireless, or network discoverable printer” - this is the first thing you should try. If it can find it in your network, your Windows 10 computer shows it and lets you install the printer using this option.
“Add a printer using a TCP/IP address or hostname” - if you know the IP address or the name of your wireless printer, you can use this option. Enter the information in the wizard, and then Windows 10 starts installing its drivers for you.
“Add a local printer or network printer with manual settings” - use this option only if you are an experienced user and know the exact port and driver that your wireless printer is going to use on your Windows 10 computer.
Step 6. How to install a wireless printer on your smartphone(s) and tablet(s)
If you have a smartphone or a tablet, you can print wirelessly from them too. Look for printing applications from the manufacturer of your printer. For example, Canon has a free application called Canon PRINT Inkjet/SELPHY that is available both for iPhone and Android.
As you can see, installing a wireless network printer requires quite a bit of time and work. Also, you must be careful not to miss any steps or essential configuration items. However, the time saved when using the wireless printer pays off. Being able to print from anywhere in your home, at any time, really helps improve your productivity.