How to Copy a Disc (CD, DVD or Blu-Ray) in Windows

Are you searching for a way to create a disc to disc copy, of a CD, DVD or Blu-Ray you have created at home? Then you are in luck. In this guide, we will discuss the steps and principles involved in making a copy of any disc. Then, we will cover some of the best tools for the job. If you are interested, don’t hesitate to read more.

The Principles & Steps Involved for Copying Discs

Before we go into detail about how you can copy a disc, it is best to explain a few important principles:

  • In order to copy a disc, you first need to make a disc image of it. A disc image is a complete sector-by-sector copy of the disc, saved into a single file. Therefore, the size of the file will be equal to the size of the data stored on the disc. The most popular disc image file format is ".iso";
  • If you have two similar disc writing drives in your computer, you can skip the step of making a disk image of the disc you want to copy. You can make a copy on the fly, from drive to drive. In one drive you insert the disc you want to be copied and in the other, a blank disc of the same size and type;
  • Most discs you purchase from a store with copyrighted media content such as music albums, movies and games are copy-protected. Traditional disc burning and copying applications will not be able to make a copy of such discs. You will need special tools that can go around the copy-protection, in order to be able to create a disk image of those discs and then copy them on another disc. If you do this, make sure you are making copies of such discs only for backup and personal use.

To recap, these are the steps involved when copying a disc and you have only one burning unit on your computer.

Copy a Disc in Windows

These are the steps involved when you have two burning units on your computer and discs can be copied on the fly.

Copy a Disc in Windows

These are the steps involved when copying a protected disc.

Copy a Disc in Windows

If you are looking for a good guide on making backup copies of protected discs, for your own personal use, read this guide: How to Make a Backup Copy of a Protected Disc (DVD or Blu-Ray).

Software for Copying Non-Protected Discs

By default, you cannot copy a disc using the built-in Windows utilities. At least not in Windows 7 and older versions. Only if you have a disk image stored as an ".iso" file, you can burn it directly from Windows. Instructions for doing so are found here: The Complete Guide to Burning Disk Images (ISO & IMG) In Windows 7.

The best solution is to install third-party software that is specialized in burning all kinds of discs and making copies of a non-protected CD, DVD or Blu-Ray discs.

Some of the best free applications for burning discs are:

  • CDBurnerXP is a our favorite free tool for burning all kinds of discs. It can be used to create an ".iso" disk image which can then be burned to a disc, using the same application or any other tool you prefer.


    When installing it, pay attention so that you don’t install the unwanted software bundled with it.

  • ImgBurn is a tool specialized in copying all kinds of discs. If you are not interested in any other types of disc burning activities, just copying, then this tool is the best choice.


  • BurnAware Free is a general tool for burning discs. It is able to create a disk image and burn images to a disc. It is free and very light-weight but it doesn’t offer support for on-the-fly copying.

    BurnAware Free

Software for Copying Protected Discs

If you need to backup a copy-protected disc you purchased, then you will find very few solutions that actually work. Also, you will need to pay for most of them. If you find something that’s free, chances are it hasn’t been updated for a long time and it doesn’t offer much help in copying more modern discs such as Blu-Ray. The best solution in our view is AnyDVD HD.


This application specializes only in removing the copy-protection and any other kinds of restrictions. It offers support for all modern formats and decryption for most copy-protection mechanisms. Due to this, it is also the most expensive software of its kind.

However, it cannot be used to make copies of discs. For that, you will need to use the tools mentioned in the section above. You first bypass the copy-protection using AnyDVD HD and then you make a copy with your favorite disc burning application.

A free solution, highlighted by some of our readers as being a worthy alternative is DVD43. The downside is that it works with a limited number of disc burning applications, unlike AnyDVD HD.


I hope you’ve found this guide useful. If you have any questions about ways to make copies of your discs, don’t hesitate to ask using the comments forms below. If you have suggestions for other useful tools that can be used to copy discs, don’t hesitate to share them.

Also, if you are looking for other useful guides on burning discs, don’t hesitate to check the recommendations below.

About the Author: Ciprian Adrian Rusen
I love technology and I work in IT for more than a decade. I am the co-founder of Digital Citizen and its chief editor. Alongside my work as an editor, I am also an author. I have written and published 7 books, most of them about Microsoft products and technologies. They are translated into more than 12 languages. In 2014, I have been recognized by Microsoft for my technical expertise and involvement in the community with the title of Microsoft MVP - Windows Consumer Expert.